Learning English Adjectives with Exercise Practice

What is an adjective in English grammar?

An adjective describes a noun or modifies nouns as in grammar term.

  • English Adjectives
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1. English Adjective positions in sentences

An English adjective goes after verb "BE" and before nouns.

  • These books are expensive
  • They are expensive books
  • This boy is tall
  • This is a tall boy.
    - "expensive" is an adjective, and it is goes after verb "BE"- "are" in a.
    and before the noun "books" in b..
    - It is the same as a. and b. with the adjective "tall" in c. and d..

2. English Adjective categories

English Adjectives fall into two catogories: Descriptive and Limiting.

  1. Descriptive Adjectives are those which describe the color, size, or quality of a person or thing ( noun or pronoun) Look at the following Descriptive Adjectives: beautiful / large / yellow / interesting / important / colorful When descriptive adjectives modify a singular countable noun, they are usually preceded by a, an or the. Example: a pretty girl / an interesting story / the red flower

    Most descriptive adjectives have three forms: the positive (happy), the comparative (happier), and the superlatives (happiest). These 3 forms are generally called comparisons.
    Learn details of English Adjective Comparisons.

  2. Limiting Adjectives place restriction on the words they modify ( quality, distance, possession, etc.)
    : Only these and those are plural forms. All others remain the same whether the noun is singular or plural.

    Let's look at the limiting adjectives:

    - cardinal numbers ( one, two)
    - ordinal number (first, second)
    - posessive ( my , your , his )
    - demonstrative ( this, that, these, those )
    - quatity ( few, many, much )
    - article ( a, an, the)

Adjectives normally precede the noun they modify, or follow linking verbs. Adjectives modify only nounspronounslinking verbsNote: An adjective answers the question: What kind....?

3. English Adjective Order in a sentence

In English, it is common to use more than one adjective before a noun - for example, "He's a silly young fool," or "she's a smart, energetic woman." When you use more than one adjective, you have to put them in the right order, according to type. The sectio below will explain the different types of adjectives and the correct order for them.

  1. Opinion or judgment -- beautiful, ugly, easy, fast, interesting
  2. Size -- small, tall, short, big
  3. Age -- young, old, new, historic, ancient
  4. Shape -- round, square, rectangular
  5. Color -- red, black, green, purple
  6. Nationality -- French, Asian, American, Canadian, Japanese
  7. Material -- wooden, metallic, plastic, glass, paper
  8. Purpose or Qualifier -- foldout sofa, fishing boat, racing car

Irregular Adjective Comparisons

Spelling rules of adjective comparisons

Adjective Comparisons

Adjective Clauses

Back to Parts of Speech

Adjective Exercise practice

Go to Exercise 1

Go to Exercise 2

Go to Exercise 3

Go to Exercise 4

More Grammar Exercise Practice